Timeline of arrivals and departures

These are brief summaries of the timing of the arrivals at and departures from Bedford of the two Welsh divisions that spent time in the town, first by month/year and secondly by division/regiment. It is not complete for every battalion, detachment, section, etc, attached to the two divisions but is as complete as has been possible to date.

More detail of from whence they came to Bedford and to where they went on their departure from Bedford is given in the respective page for each division and regiment.

By month/year

August 1914

The 1/2nd Welsh Brigade of the Royal Field Artillery, including the Cardiganshire Battery, the 3rd and 4th Glamorgan Batteries and the 2nd Welsh Ammunition Column mobilised in August 1914 and concentrated in in the general area of Bedford and Northampton, later moving to Norfolk and Suffolk

March 1915

The 1/4th and 1/7th battalions of the Cheshire Regiment, part of the Cheshire Brigade of the Welsh Division arrived (and in May became part of the 159th (Cheshire) Brigade of the 53rd (Welsh) Division)

April 1915

The 1/4th and 1/5th Battalions of the Welsh Regiment attached to the 159th (Cheshire) Brigade in the 53rd (Welsh) Division arrived

May 1915

The 53rd (Welsh) Division arrived

The 1/5th, 1/6th and 1/7th Battalions of the Royal Welsh Fusiliers arrived, the formation becoming the 158th (North Wales) Brigade in the 53rd (Welsh) Division and moved on to Rushden

The 1/1st Battalion of the Herefordshire Regiment arrived, the formation becoming the 158th (North Wales) Brigade in the 53rd (Welsh) Division and moved on to Rushden

The 2/10th Battalion of the Middlesex Regiment arrived, attached to the 160th (Welsh Border) Brigade in the 53rd (Welsh) Division

The 1/4th Battalion of the Royal Sussex Regiment arrived, attached to the 160th (Welsh Border) Brigade in the 53rd (Welsh) Division

May or June 1915

The 2/4th Battalion of the Queen’s Royal West Surrey Regiment arrived, attached to the 160th (Welsh Border) Brigade in the 53rd (Welsh) Division

June 1915

The 2/4th Battalion of the Queen’s Own Royal West Kent Regiment arrived, attached to the 160th (Welsh Border) Brigade in the 53rd (Welsh) Division

July 1915

The 53rd (Welsh) Division departed with the exception of the Divisional Artillery, of the 53rd Divisional Train, the Army Service Corps, (which transferred to the 11th (Northern) Division), and of other exceptions noted below

The 1/4th and 1/7th battalions of the Cheshire Regiment in the 159th (Cheshire) Brigade in the 53rd (Welsh) Division departed

The 1/4th and 1/5th Battalions of the Welsh Regiment in the 159th (Cheshire) Brigade in the 53rd (Welsh) Division departed

The 2/10th Battalion of the Middlesex Regiment in the 160th (Welsh Border) Brigade in the 53rd (Welsh) Division departed

The 1/4th Battalion of the Royal Sussex Regiment in the 160th (Welsh Border) Brigade in the 53rd (Welsh) Division departed

The 2/4th Battalion of the Queen’s Royal West Surrey Regiment in the 160th (Welsh Border) Brigade in the 53rd (Welsh) Division departed

The 2/4th Battalion of the Queen’s Own Royal West Kent Regiment in the 160th (Welsh Border) Brigade in the 53rd (Welsh) Division departed

The 2/4th, 2/5th, 2/6th and 2/7th Battalions of the Royal Welsh Fusiliers attached to the 203rd (2nd North Wales) Brigade in the 68th (2nd Welsh) Division arrived

The 2/1st, 2/2nd and 2/3rd Battalions of the Monmouthshire Regiment attached to the 205th (2nd Welsh Border) Brigade in the 68th (2nd Welsh) Division arrived

The 2/1st Battalion of the Herefordshire Regiment attached to the 205th (2nd Welsh Border) Brigade in the 68th (2nd Welsh) Division arrived

August 1915

The 2/4th, 2/5th, 2/6th and 2/7th Battalions of the Cheshire Regiment attached to the 204th (2nd Cheshire) Brigade in the 68th  (2nd Welsh) Division arrived

October 1915

The 437th (2/1st Welsh) Field Company , the Royal Engineers, departed

November 1915

The Divisional Artillery of the 53rd (Welsh) Division departed

The 2/2nd Welsh Brigade of the Royal Field Artillery arrived (in May 1916 retitled the 341st Brigade)

The 2/4th Battalion of the Welsh Regiment arrived and was absorbed by the 2/4th Battalion of the King’s Shropshire Light Infantry which also arrived that month and was attached to the 204th (2nd Cheshire) Brigade of the 68th (Welsh) Division (and departed at some point in 1916, was renamed the 50th Provisional Battalion in December 1916, and its personnel were absorbed by other battalions of the 204th (2nd Cheshire) Brigade by December 1917)

The 2/5th Battalion of the Welsh Regiment arrived and was absorbed by the 2/6th Battalion of the Cheshire Regiment

The 2/6th Battalion of the Welsh Regiment arrived and was absorbed by the 2/5th Battalion of the Royal Welsh Fusiliers

The 2/1st Brecknockshire Battalion of the South Wales Borderers in the 68th (2nd Welsh) Division arrived late 1915

March 1916

The 53rd (Welsh) Mobile Veterinary Section, the Army Veterinary Corps, attached to the 53rd (Welsh) Division, departed

September 1916

By this month, the 2/2nd Welsh Brigade of the Royal Field Artillery (in May 1916 retitled the 341st Brigade) was disposed between Austin Cannon, Old Warden and Howbury (and by May 1917 was disposed elsewhere)

The 2/4th, 2/5th, 2/6th and 2/7th Battalions of the Cheshire Regiment in the 204th (2nd Cheshire) Brigade in the 68th (2nd Welsh) Division departed

November 1916

The 2/4th, 2/5th, 2/6th and 2/7th Battalions of the Royal Welsh Fusiliers in the 203rd (2nd North Wales) Brigade in the 68th (2nd Welsh) Division departed

The 2/1st Brecknockshire Battalion of the South Wales Borderers in the 68th (2nd Welsh) Division departed, absorbed by the 2/7th Royal Welsh Fusiliers

The 2/1st, 2/2nd and 2/3rd Battalions of the Monmouthshire Regiment in the 205th (2nd Welsh Border) Brigade in the 68th (2nd Welsh) Division departed

The 2/1st Battalion of the Herefordshire Regiment in the 205th (2nd Welsh Border) Brigade in the 68th Division (2nd Welsh) departed

By division/regiment

The 53rd (Welsh) Division

Arrived in May 1915 and departed in July 1915 for Gallipoli with the exception of the Divisional Artillery which departed in November 1915, of the 53rd Divisional Train, the Army Service Corps, (which transferred to the 11th (Northern) Division), and of other exceptions noted above

The 68th (Welsh) Division

Substantial departures in November 1916 as noted below, and by May 1917 the Divisional headquarters was at Bungay, Suffolk, and the artillery at Huntingdon and Flixton

The Royal Welsh Fusiliers

The 1/5th, 1/6th and 1/7th Battalions arrived in May 1915, the formation becoming the 158th (North Wales) Brigade in the 53rd (Welsh) Division, and moved on to Rushden

The 2/4th, 2/5th, 2/6th and 2/7th Battalions arrived In July 1915 in the 203rd (2nd North Wales) Brigade in the 68th (2nd Welsh) Division, and departed in November 1916

The South Wales Borderers

The 2/1st Brecknockshire Battalion in rthe 68th (2nd Welsh) Division arrived late 1915, and departed in November 1916, absorbed by the 2/7th Royal Welsh Fusiliers

The Welsh Regiment

The 1/4th and 1/5th Battalions arrived in April 1915, were attached to the 159th (Cheshire) Brigade of the 53rd (Welsh) Division, and departed in July 1915

In November 1915 the 2/4th Battalion arrived and was absorbed by the 2/4th Battalion of the King’s Shropshire Light Infantry which also arrived that month (and departed at some point in 1916, was renamed the 50th Provisional Battalion in December 1916, and its personnel were absorbed by other battalions by December 1917); the 2/5th Battalion arrived and was absorbed by the 2/6th Battalion of the Cheshire Regiment; and the 2/6th Battalion arrived and was absorbed by the 2/5th Battalion of the Royal Welsh Fusiliers

The Cheshire Regiment

The 1/4th and 1/7th battalions of the Cheshire Regiment, part of the Cheshire Brigade of the Welsh Division arrived in March 1915  (and in May became part of the 159th (Cheshire) Brigade of the 53rd (Welsh) Division) and departed in July 1915

The 2/4th, 2/5th, 2/6th and 2/7th Battalions in the 204th (2nd Cheshire) Brigade in the 68th (2nd Welsh) Division arrived in August 1915, and departed to Lowestoft in September 1916

The Herefordshire Regiment

The 1/1st Battalion arrived in May 1915, becoming part of the 158th (North Wales) Brigade in the 53rd (Welsh) Division and moved on to Rushden

The 2/1st Battalion in the 205th (2nd Welsh Border) Brigade in the 68th (2nd Welsh) Division arrived in July 1915, and departed to Lowestoft in November 1916

The King’s Shropshire Light Infantry

The 2/4th Battalion arrived in November 1915, departed to Lowestoft at some point in 1916, was renamed the 50th Provisional Battalion in December 1916, and its personnel were absorbed by other battalions by December 1917

The Middlesex Regiment

The 2/10th Battalion  attached to the 160th (Welsh Border) Brigade in the 53rd (Welsh) Division arrived in May 1915 and departed in July 1915

The Monmouthshire Regiment

The 2/1st, 2/2nd and 2/3rd Battalions in the 205th (2nd Welsh Border) Brigade in the 68th (2nd Welsh) Division arrived in July 1915, and departed to Lowestoft in November 1916

The Royal Sussex Regiment

The 1/4th Battalion attached to the 160th (Welsh Border) Brigade in the 53rd (Welsh) Division arrived in May 1915 and departed in July 1915

The Queen’s Royal West Surrey Regiment

The 2/4th Battalion attached to the 160th (Welsh Border) Brigade in the 53rd (Welsh) Division arrived in May or June 1915 and departed in July 1915

The Queen’s Own Royal West Kent Regiment

The 2/4th Battalion attached to the 160th (Welsh Border) Brigade in the 53rd (Welsh) Division arrived in June 1915 and departed in July 1915

The Royal Regiment of Artillery 

The 1/2nd Welsh Brigade, including the Cardiganshire Battery, the 3rd and 4th Glamorgan Batteries and the 2nd Welsh Ammunition Column mobilised in August 1914 and concentrated in in the general area of Bedford and Northampton, later moving to Norfolk and Suffolk

The 2/2nd Welsh Brigade arrived in November 1915, in May 1916 was retitled the 341st Brigade, by September 1916 was disposed between Austin Cannon, Old Warden and Howbury, and by May 1917 was disposed elsewhere

The Welsh (Caernarvonshire) Heavy Battery stayed in Bedford when the 53rd (Welsh) Division departed in July 1915 for Gallipoli, and subsequently departed independently for other postings in England  before sailing for France where they arrived in March 1916 and joined the XXIII HA Brigade

The Royal Army Medical Corps

The 1st, 2nd and 3rd  Welsh Field Ambulance and the 53rd Sanitary Section departed with the 53rd (Welsh) Division in July 1915 for Gallipoli

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